New PDF release: An introduction to modern astrophysics

By Carroll B.W., Ostlie D.A.

ISBN-10: 0321442849

ISBN-13: 9780321442840

Show description

Read Online or Download An introduction to modern astrophysics PDF

Similar physics books

Read e-book online Ghantmakher Electrons and Disorder in Solids OUP PDF

This booklet has been written when you learn or professionally care for strong country physics. It comprises glossy options in regards to the physics of electrons in solids. it truly is written utilizing at the least arithmetic. The emphasis is laid on numerous actual versions geared toward stimulating artistic considering. The ebook is helping the reader select the most productive scheme of an scan or the optimum set of rules of a calculation.

Additional info for An introduction to modern astrophysics

Example text

Fukushima used a mixture of metal alkoxide and inorganic-salt precursors for the fabrication of BaTiO3 films. Application of sol–gel processing for PZT thin films started in 1984 with a report by Fukushima et al. [2], followed by Budd et al. [3] in 1985. Meanwhile, the chemical processing of thin films of other ferroelectric oxides has made remarkable progresses. Ferroelectric thin films ranging from polycrystalline to texture-oriented polycrystalline and epitaxial in nature have been synthesized for 20 years.

71, 1471 (2002) 3, 14, 15 [15] K. H. Chew, Y. Ishibashi, F. Shin, H. Chan: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 2974 (2003) 3, 15, 16 [16] P. Ghosez, K. Rabe: Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2767 (2000) 13 [17] N. Yanase, K. Abe, N. Fukushima, T. Kawakubo: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5305 (1999) 13 [18] Y. Ishibashi, V. Dvorak: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 44, 32 (1978) 19 [19] J. Scott, H. Duiker, P. Beale, B. Pouligny, K. Dimmler, M. Parris, D. Butlerand, S. Eaton: Physica B 150, 160 (1988) 20 [20] Y. Ishibashi, M. Iwata: J. Phys.

BIT and BLT thin films exhibit strong (00l) peaks, while BNT, BST and BGT thin films have a marked (117) preferred orientation. Among the rare-earth-doped BIT thin films, BNT thin films show the best saturation properties of the ferroelectrics with a large Pr and small Ec for low applied voltages. However, low-temperature-processed BNT films do not exhibit enough ferroelectricity. From further investigation of BNT films, the surface morphology and ferroelectric properties can be improved by optimization of the Ge doping in the BNT, particularly in the case of BNT-based thin films prepared at low temperatures.

Download PDF sample

An introduction to modern astrophysics by Carroll B.W., Ostlie D.A.

by Kenneth

Rated 4.40 of 5 – based on 50 votes