By Neil Schlager, Jayne Weisblatt
This three-volume set introduces researchers to matters surrounding either present strength assets and substitute power recommendations. whereas there's major dialogue of the non-renewable assets now used to satisfy the vast majority of the world's strength wishes (oil, coal and ordinary gas), the first concentration of the set is on more moderen innovations to satisfy the ever-growing call for. those techniques contain wind and solar power, gas cells, hydropower, geothermal strength and biomass power. moreover, extra theoretical resources also are explored, together with chilly fusion, 0 aspect power and common forces. Entries talk about the technological know-how in the back of the power resource, extraordinary scientists and medical discoveries, present examples of use, and the problems, demanding situations and hindrances to large-scale use. prepared alphabetically via access identify.
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Additional info for Alternative Energy
As pollution increases and fossil fuels become harder to get, new methods of using fossil fuels will probably become more common. PETROLEUM Petroleum is the most widely used fossil fuel, supplying about 40 percent of the world’s energy. Petroleum is also called oil. One 20 Alternative Energy FOSSIL FUELS Is Petroleum Really a Fossil Fuel? Some scientists in Russia and Ukraine believe that petroleum is not actually a fossil fuel but that it formed in Earth’s crust from rocks and minerals rather than plants and animals.
The largest molecules stay at the bottom. The smallest molecules make it all the way to the top of the tower. The lighter molecules are turned into gasoline and other fuels. The heavier ones become engine lubricants, asphalt, wax, and other substances. There is a much larger market for gasoline and other fuels than for the products made from heavier molecules, so refineries try to make as much gasoline as possible. They can sometimes break down larger molecules into smaller ones. They do this through a process called cracking, which uses either heat or chemical catalysts to break down the large molecules.
The country must import more than one-half of that amount from other countries. The United States has more oil reserves than it currently uses, but as of the early twenty-first century it was much less expensive to import oil than it was to extract reserves within the country. Foreign oil is becoming more expensive, however, especially as other countries increase their oil consumption. S. sites to oil exploration and drilling partly because the oil industry can create so many good jobs. A sudden change in oil prices can be disruptive to the United States and world economies.
Alternative Energy by Neil Schlager, Jayne Weisblatt