David Moshman's Adolescent rationality and development : cognition, PDF

By David Moshman

ISBN-10: 0203835115

ISBN-13: 9780203835111

ISBN-10: 1136854207

ISBN-13: 9781136854200

Frequently pointed out in scholarly books and journals and praised by way of scholars, this e-book specializes in developmental adjustments and techniques in youth instead of at the information and difficulties of everyday life. significant developmental alterations linked to youth are pointed out. famous for its tremendously robust insurance of cognitive, ethical, and social improvement, this short, reasonably cheap booklet can be utilized independently or as a complement to different texts on adolescence.

Highlights of the recent variation include:

  • expanded insurance of considering and reasoning.
  • a new bankruptcy on metacognition and epistemic cognition.
  • expanded assurance of controversies about the foundations of morality.
  • a new bankruptcy on ethical ideas and point of view taking.
  • a new bankruptcy at the relation of non-public and social identity.
  • a new bankruptcy addressing present controversies about the rationality, adulthood, and brains of adolescents.
  • more element on key stories and methodologies and boldfaced key words and a thesaurus to focus on and make clear key concepts.

Rather than try and hide every thing approximately youth at an common point, this e-book provides and builds at the middle matters within the scholarly literature, therefore encouraging deeper degrees of knowing. The publication opens with an advent to the techniques of youth, rationality, and improvement after which explores the 3 foundational literatures of adolescent improvement - cognitive improvement, ethical improvement, and id formation. The e-book concludes with a extra basic account of rationality and improvement in early life and beyond.

Appropriate for complex undergraduate and graduate classes on early life or adolescent improvement provided by way of departments of psychology, academic psychology, or human improvement, this short textual content can also be a terrific complement for classes on social and/or ethical improvement, cognitive improvement, or lifespan improvement. The e-book is additionally favored through students attracted to connections throughout regular subject matters and study courses. earlier wisdom of psychology isn't assumed.

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Extra info for Adolescent rationality and development : cognition, morality, and identity

Example text

Although research shows that adolescents and adults often fail to use formal operational reasoning, extensive evidence supports Piaget’s postulation of forms of logical reasoning that are common among adolescents and adults but rarely seen much before age 11. One might wonder, however, whether adolescents and adults also construct and use forms of reasoning and rationality different from those postulated and investigated by Piaget. We turn now to this question. ch a p t er 2 Inference, Thinking, and Reasoning You know my methods, Watson.

Formal logic provides very good reasons for inferring particular conclusions from particular premises and is thus an important aspect of rationality. But we can be rational in interpreting complex evidence that does not logically require one particular conclusion or in choosing among alternatives in cases where none of the potential choices can be logically eliminated. Even in the absence of formal proof, we often have good enough reason to choose one belief or course of action over another. There is much more to rationality than formal logic (Bickhard & Campbell, 1996; Blasi & Hoeffel, 1974; Evans, 2002; King & Kitchener, 1994; Koslowski, 1996; Searle, 2001).

It is possible, moreover, that some combination of views, or an alternative not yet considered, may end up being accepted by consensus as the best yet. Consistent with other research on reasoning, research on argumentation shows that adolescents are capable of arguing at a level beyond that of children but that the skills of argument in people of all ages leave much to be desired. Research with individuals ranging from adolescence to adults beyond age 60 showed that education, but not age, correlated strongly with argument skill (Kuhn, 1991).

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Adolescent rationality and development : cognition, morality, and identity by David Moshman

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