By Michael Friedman
Starting with a war of words in 1929 in Switzerland, Michael Friedman examines how the paintings of 3 pivotal philosophers developed and intertwined over a number of years, finally giving upward thrust to 2 very diverse colleges of suggestion - analytic philosophy and continental. the writer explores the clashes that set them aside as they built their very own radical new principles.
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Additional info for A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger
Lccame aCljuainted \Vith Kandinsky and Klee. Neurath and Carnap kit that the Cirde's philosophy \Vas an expression of the 1tCUC SachticMcit II"hich \Vas part of the idcology orthe Bauhaus. [Feigl, 1969, p. 637) Carnap's basic philosophical-political orientation is thus best expressed by the nette SachlichllCit (the new objectivity, soberness, matter-of-tàctness )-a social, cultural, and artistic movement committed ta internationalism, some torm of socialism, and, above ail, to a more objective, scientitlc, and anti-individualistic reorganization of both art and public litè inspired equally by the new Russian communism and the new American technology_22 Carnap and Heidegger are theretore not only at opposite ends of the spectrum philosophically, they are at opposite ends of the spectrum in social and political terms as wcll.
For Cassirer, as we have seen, the realm of pure formaI logic is constituted by the totality of pure relational structures characterized by the new logical theory of relations. Within this realm considered in itself there is thus no change and no temporality. In mathematical natural science, however, the problem is to describe the spatio-tempol'al empirical world of experience by precisely such pure (atemporal) relational structures. This problem, unlike a purely mathematical problem, can never be completely and definitively solved.
Overcoming Metaphysics: Carnap and Heidegger 15 Carnap's sense of Iiberation in thus putting the "stifling" political, cultural, and philosophical atmosphere in Central Europe behind him is palpable. It is important, then, to understand Carnap's anti-metaphysical attitude in its philosophical, cultural, and political context. Carnap's concern for this broader context is characteristic of him and, in fact, formed one of the main bonds uniting him with his more activist colleague Otto Neurath. Neurath himself, as is weil known, contributed an extremely engaged, ncoMarxist perspective to the Vienna Circle.
A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger by Michael Friedman