By George J. Marshall
"Published in 2008 by way of Marquette collage Press, George Marshall's _A consultant to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception_ is a great addition the corpus of English language existentialist scholarship. Marshall is a long-time professor of continental philosophy on the college of Regina in Canada.
While well known inside of eu philosophy as a number one contributor to existentialism and phenomenology (arguably eclipsed in basic terms by means of Husserl and Heidegger), Merleau-Ponty has been principally missed by way of readers reared within the Anglo-American culture. released in 1945 the `Phenomenology of Perception' is Merleau-Ponty's most sensible recognized work."
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Extra resources for A Guide to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Marquette Studies in Philosophy)
Because of this confusion about the nature of our ideas, Descartes and his followers find themselves trapped in paradoxes and dualism. But here the similarity of Rationalism and Empiricism ends. For Rationalism, the passively received data is not the home of truth as Empiricism might claim but rather the beginning of knowing. The active elements (what we do to the data) are what are important. Like the dog or the ameba, man’s contact with the world begins with sensation, but this is the stuff that man uses to develop knowledge.
We need to rediscover our own subjective states. ” In fact, he spends a great deal of time developing the complexities of this move because it is the central act of assuming the philosophical attitude. It is a kind of reflecting back upon our experience, a making us aware of our own perspectives with all their assumptions. One could say that this act is an act by which we become aware of our own finitude and how it affects the content of our experience. The situation of the blind men and the elephant is useful here.
Descartes and his contemporaries were sure of one thing: science was real knowledge. They also had a clear idea of what constituted real knowledge. After all they were inheritors of a tradition that stretched all the way back to Aristotle. In Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics, we discover that Aristotle defines real knowledge as that, which is true, can be explained, and can be proven. If one were to claim that one has real knowledge about something and what one knows is not true, we could clearly deny that the person really knows.
A Guide to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Marquette Studies in Philosophy) by George J. Marshall